Touring Machu Picchu, A Once in a Lifetime Trip

Outline

As one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, Machu Picchu is an archeological gem whose beauty and uniqueness makes it one of the most impressive structures in the world. The archeological site offers individuals who have an interest in history and buildings an opportunity to have a glimpse of one of the most complex cultures in Peru’s ancient history. Potential visitors considering Machu Picchu tourism should at least learn some of the interesting history and stories associated with the archeological unicorn.

Location

Machu Picchu is located in Peru in hidden in the Cusco region several thousand meters above sea level and above the Sacred Valley. The hidden location of this Inca city has led to its discovery and lose several times through the years. In fact, Machu Picchu was discovered and then reclaimed by the jungle leading it to be dubbed the ‘lost’ city. In fact, its remote location is linked with the preservation of the beautiful structures from damage by Spanish conquerors in Peru.

History of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is historically significant from the analyses conducted by archeologists and historical experts. It is thought to be an ancient Incan city which features the most complete structures among the numerous ruins all over South America. The Incans or the Inca Empire was the strongest and largest empire in South America. They were technologically advanced and politically developed to the extent that they could build and govern large cities such as Machu Picchu. The complex waterways and architectural design illustrate the sophistication of these people in designing their cities. Machu Picchu is the epitome of ancient South American culture and history. The Inca civilization illustrate that South America had its own political, social and economic structure before the entry of Spaniards into the region. The position that the ancient city holds both in history and architecture are the main factors that have led to the designation of the city as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Thought to be the seat of power for an Incan leader, Machu Picchu is one of the most important historical finds of the 20th century.

Machu Picchu Tourism

While the archeological find has attracted its share of visitors in the past, the recent designation as a world wonder and as a UNESCO heritage site has increased Machu Picchu tourism significantly. Thousands of visitors flock to Peru only to view the grandeur and beauty of the lost city. The obvious economic benefits for the country are an important consideration but more efforts are being considered in order to protect the pristine archeological site. Tourism is great but it can affect the site negatively so that even the Peruvian government is taking measures to limit the number and amount of trips possible to the beautiful tourist site. Tourists are named as the culprits in terms of taking away rocks as souvenirs and climbing rocks for the perfect Instagram photo. Furthermore, there are increased conservation activities given the effect of weather on the structures at Machu Picchu. Despite the negative effects of bad behavior from tourists, Machu Picchu remains a worthwhile place to visit. For Peruvians, Machu Picchu tourism is a great source of income for locals who benefit from tourist dollars. The structures are also a source of national pride and joy given that there is no other comparable structure on earth.

The Perfect Trip

So how do you make your trip to Machu Picchu the perfect, once in a lifetime experience?

  • Book early! With thousands of visitors from all over the world clamoring for an opportunity to visit the site, booking early can eliminate the anxiety of foreign travel. If you are using a travel agency, ensure that they understand that you are interested in visiting Machu Picchu and should therefore make hotel provisions in the towns near the site to ensure that you are able to access the site.
  • Buy your tickets! There are new provisions for ticket purchasing in visiting Machu Picchu. Visitors can only purchase tickets for two time periods. Therefore, you must ensure that you purchase the right ticket for yourself as you are only able to visit during this period. It is also necessary to book these tickets early to ensure that you are not excluded when the number of people is limited.
  • Be on your best behavior! Having the opportunity to view this stunning city should imbue you with the need to preserve this historical structure. Do not deface or take anything away from the site in order to preserve it for future generations. You never know if your great grandchildren will want to view this beautiful city.
  • Plan other activities! Aside from visiting Machu Picchu, there are numerous tourist activities available in Peru. To truly maximize your trip to this beautiful country, you should participate in other activities such as climbing the beautiful Andes mountain ranges, paragliding and even hiking. Machu Picchu can function as the highlight of your trip but you should definitely take advantage of the tourism activities in Peru.

Conclusion

Machu Picchu tourism will only continue to grow in the next few years. The stunning view of this city has to be preserved for future generations to view and appreciated the accomplishments of the ancient Incan society.

Tourist Attraction: Splendid Places You Can Visit in Peru for Your Vacation

Are you looking for a place to spend quality time with your family or your loved ones? Or looking for a place in which you need to have your mind relaxed, allowing your body to recuperate? You don’t have to look far away as Peru tourist attraction presents you with an opportunity to visit the choicest places in Peru for your vacation. As it stands, the way to enjoying the best vacation is by going far miles away from home, so that you don’t have to think quickly about going home too soon from vacation. A visit to Peru today will make you consider a vacation at farther distances when next you are planning for another vacation.

Perhaps you have not stepped foot in Peru. You don’t have to be terrified by your ignorance of the places you are yet to visit. There are nice places you shouldn’t try to ignore because you think they are not fanciful places or they  notorious places: this is not the case. On this account here are eight Peru tourist attraction that you need to keep visiting for all vacations as you make preparations in advance for your trips.

  1. Machu Picchu

Discovered by the late historian Hiram in the first quarter of the twentieth century, this spot is an attraction for visitors because of its existing broken walls that were signs of early civilization in Peru. Apart from the lost city ancient relics, the spring supplies nutrient to the agricultural terraces which make this place a spot to behold for visitors and the local people.

machu-picchu-peru-tourist-atraction
Machu Picchu
  1. Uros Islands

Uros Islands is one of the splendid places to be as you are going to witness a replica of the architectural happening of the modern world on this island. The island is basically made up of dried Totora reeds which are used to create an artificial island for the inhabitants. Moreover, the reeds are used to make homes as well as ground on the water in order to avoid the sinking of the island. Since the island is man-made, the reeds are always placed on the ground layer by layer to prevent the entire island from sinking on negligence.

uros-islands-peru-tourist-atraction
Uros Islands
  1. Santa Catalina Monastery

This monastery is a reflection of the colonial history that the people of Peru share with their former colonial masters. Founded on October 2nd, 1580, the monastery is located in Arequipa with painted walls and the architectural Mudejar style which gives the monastery an ancient look. If you would like to have a glimpse into the history of the Peruvian people, you need to check on this location and see how history has played out itself in relation to the development of the religion of the people.

santa-catalina-monastery-peru-tourist-atraction
Santa Catalina Monastery
  1. Iquitos and Amazon river

You can journey into the Amazon forest river to see the wildlife that has been preserved by nature. Also, you can enjoy a silent picnic on the river with your families or loved ones as your boat glides through the Amazon river. The best way to get into the Amazon forest in order to enjoy the isolation is by using boats or private planes. You can stock in your bags food items that will sustain you in your journey, depending on the number of days you hope to spend there.

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Iquitos Peru
  1. Huacachina

This is an oasis town which is surrounded by sand dunes. What makes this spot a splendid place to visit is that there is a lake present in the midst of the desert to serve as a cooling spot for tourists and visitors alike. Moreover, the part that gets exciting for visitors is participating in sandboarding, which is a common game you can find amongst tourists who are out to spend a good time with their families.

huacachina-peru-tourist-atraction
Huacachina
  1. Miraflores District

This is a place you don’t want to miss when you get to Peru. The reason is that Miraflores district is an entertaining hub for various activities such as sunbathing, surfing, paragliding, clubbing and a host of other exciting activities that will make you want to stay in  Peru without remembering home for a minute. Another interesting part that will keep you entangled with your visit to Peru is the restaurant in this location which has several cuisines, prompting you to select meals that may end up becoming your favorite in the course of your long-term vacation.

miraflores-district-peru-tourist-atraction

  1. Pisac market

pisaq-market-peru-tourist-atraction

The fun doesn’t end at visiting restaurants, ancient destinations or beach resorts. The Pisac market provides a good place in which tourists can shop on items such as beads, ceramics and other artistic items that are captivating to the eyes. Getting to Pisac is easy as it is a one-hour bus drive from Cusco.

On a final note, you can start making your plans towards your next vacation as you picture Peru as your next important place to visit. You rest assure of enjoying your stay in Peru, because of the therapeutic scenes which are very much covered by green habitats, a good spot for getting fresh air. There is still other Peru tourist attraction that you can visit, apart from the ones that have been mentioned above. So, visiting Peru should be seen as a good moment to revitalize your mind, as you prepared your body to reach a hundred percent capacity to function when you go back to your country.

 

The Surreal Beauty of Vinicunca

Where is Rainbow Mountain in Peru: Ausangate Trek

There are many natural sights in the world that are a wonder to behold. Among these natural sights are the Niagara Falls, the Victoria Falls, the Amazon, and even the vast Sahara desert. Some of the most beautiful and awe inspiring places in the world are hidden away in the most unexpected places and can inspire comparisons with alien landscapes. One of these places is the Rainbow Mountain Peru which is also known as Vinicunca or Montaña de Siete Colores. Located in the Andes Mountains in Peru, the mountain is one of the most breathtaking sites in the world featuring a colorful mountainside. For anyone wanting to visit Peru, this is one the places that you cannot afford to miss out on!

Description

The Rainbow Mountain Peru is completely unique in its wonderful appearance. It is reminiscent of a surrealist painting with its beautiful coloration which includes reds, purples, yellows and greens. The mountain is located in the Andes Mountains by way of Cusco and attract a great number of visitors to the area every year. The distinctive shades of color are exquisite to view and lend credence the name that is given to it as the Mountain of Seven Colors. The mountain has been likened to some of the landscapes used in alien and space inspired films. In fact, many who view images of the Rainbow Mountain Peru cannot believe that it is actually a real place in the world. In Peru, the mountain bears some cultural and religious meaning as most natives consider it a sacred mountain. For artists, tattoo experts and even sculptors everywhere, the beautiful lines of this exceptional mountainside have become inspiration for their works. One of the paintings that almost captures the exact image of the rainbow mountain is the famous work by Edward Munch, The Scream.

What makes it so colorful?

The distinct appearance of the mountain actually has a scientific explanation despite the fantastic local lore surrounding it. The Andes is a mountain chain that is located on the western edge of South America. The mountain has some geographical characteristics that cause the specific stratigraphic nature of the rainbow mountain. The colors of the mountains come from the composition of rocks and minerals that are present in the mountainside.

One of the most vivid colors of the Rainbow Mountain Peru is red. The red coloration is distinct in its layers on the mountainside. The red coloration is as a result of rust due to the iron oxide present in the rocks and has been viewed on other rocks but not on the magnitude of what is visible on the Mountain of Seven Colors. Another color that is prominent on the mountainside is the yellow. This bright vibrant color is as a result of the existence of iron sulphide in the rocks. Similarly, the green color present in the mountainside is likely due to the presence of chlorites in the sedimentary rocks while the purple color is due to oxidized lemonite. The difference in variations and shades of these colors is as a result of the alteration of sedimentary rocks during lithification. The changes in composition are what causes the clear stratified lines on the mountainside. The layered colors of the mountainside are indicative of the many years of natural changes that the mountain has undergone.

Rainbow Mountain Peru Elevation

Altitude of 5,200 meters above sea level.

Getting to the Rainbow Mountain Peru

So how can you get to the Rainbow Mountain Peru?

  • The simplest way is to first access Cusco, which is the nearest city to this phenomena. If you are an international tourist then this involves getting yourself a flight to Peru and access the city. Of course, if you are simply a domestic tourist, just find your way to Cusco in the easiest way possible.
  • Once you are in Cusco, research and find yourself a reputable guide who can properly guide you through the steps of accessing the mountain. The reviews of tourists who have been to the Mountain of Seven Colors state that it is recommended to find the best guide possible to ensure that you are properly guided. Unprofessional guides may cause your experience to be much less than anticipated.
  • It is important to know that actually reaching the mountain requires an individual to hike for several hours. Being healthy is a perk of enjoying the hike to the mountain. While some tourists are not impressed by the long hike, it is crucial to know that untouched beauty of this magnitude cannot simply exist in close proximity to human populations.
  • In preparation for the hike, and in consideration of the fact that the mountain is several thousand feet above sea level, it is important to have the correct gear for mountain hiking. This can include hiking boots, warm clothes, head gear and safety gear.

Rainbow Mountain Day Trip from Cusco

Rainbow Mountain Trek

Rainbow Mountain Trek - Vinicunca Mountain

Rainbow Mountain Trek, Enjoy a fantastic day tour (with hiking) to the so-called 7 Color Mountain, leaving from Cusco. Located
per person
12+
Abr-Nov
6 days

 

Testimonial

As an individual who has visited the Mountain of Seven Colors or Montaña de Siete Colores, I want to assure anyone considering visiting this place that it is completely worth the view! The beauty of the mountainside will inspire you and excite your senses. I recommend the trip for anyone who is artistically inclined and who is attracted to isolated and beautiful landscapes. Visit Rainbow Mountain Peru wiki and enjoy this view in person.

The adventure of a lifetime: meet the Inca Trail 2019

Do you want to get into a forest? Climb a mountain? See natural landscapes? Meet the Machu Picchu? Well, there’s only one place in the world to do that, and it is located in Peru. But before you go online and start looking for your Inca Trail booking 2019, there are a few things you should know.

What is the best time of the year to do it?

All year long it is a beautiful journey to make, but you should know that there are five months a year that it is considered the high season, which is from may to September. If your free time is during those months, then you should make your reservation around five months in advanced, because there are not so many permissions issued by the Peruvian government, only 500 a day, of which only 200 of them are for the hikers. What about the rest 300? They’re for guides and professionals that work in the area. So you better start looking now for your Inca Trail booking 2019 if you want to go by next year.

BOOK INCA TRAIL FOR 2019

Is it time to reserve your place on this iconic trail to Machu Picchu.

PERMITS FOR INCA TRAIL 2019 SEASON GO ON SALE THIS OCTOBER 1st.

October 1st: January 2019 permits

October 2nd: March 2019 permits

October 3rd: April 2019 permits

October 4th: May 1st-15th 2019 permits

October 5th: May 16th – 31st permits

October 9th: June 2019 permits

October 10th: July 2019 permits

October 11th: August, September, October and November 2019

Why booking early is so important to do this amazing hike…

Hiking the Inca Trail is a bucket list worthy event, but it involves a lot of advance planning. In order to hike this amazing trail, you must book through a licensed operator, like Best Andes Travel, to secure permits for your trek. Permits are extremely limited and sell out almost immediately. Here are some answers to the most common questions about this process…

What do I need to hike the Inca Trail?

You NEED to secure Inca Trail Permits with the Institute of National Culture (INC) in order to hike the Inca Trail.

How do I obtain a permit?

An official Inca Trail operator, such as Best Andes Travel, must do so on your behalf.

How many permits does the government give out?

The Inca Trail (7 via Salkantay, 5, or 4 days) is limited to 500 people per day (including guides, porters and cooks) which means that only about 200 – 300 visitors will be able to start this hike every day.

Do I need a permit for each day of the trek?
No, you only need a permit for your START date.

Once I have booked my place on the trail, can I change my departure date?

No. Unfortunately once your reservation is officially confirmed with the INC it is not possible to change or postpone your departure date. You would need to make a new reservation with a new deposit for your new date (this date needs to be one which is at least 5 days before or after your prior departure date). Please note that this is not an agency decision but a local authority regulation.

When do I need to book my trek?
ASAP. 2019 Inca Trail permits are on sale now and going fast. Book now to secure your place on one of the world’s most iconic treks.

Shouldn’t I wait until October to book then?
Definitely not! If you know that you want to do this hike, booking soon will ensure you get a permit. The government is changing the rules all the time about when they will release permits and you want all your details in our system so we are ready for the moment we are notified. Plus, booking now ensures you get our current prices for next years trek.

Am I guaranteed to get my start date?
Unfortunately no, but by booking with a trusted company like Best Andes Travel, you are in the best hands to make this happen. For the last three years we have been 99% successful in getting everyone’s first choice for a start date. But giving us a back up or two for possible starts does help us make sure that you get to do this hike. We will always work to get your top choice and notify you if this doesn’t happen (which will not be the case). If we weren’t successful at all, which has NEVER happened, we will refund your money entirely – 100%.

Why should you choose Best Andes Travel to travel with?

We are a fully licensed agency that complies by the Peruvian Law. Apart from the formalities we are dedicated to changing the perception of tourism in Peru.

BOOKING YOUR INCA TRAIL 2019 PERMITS

How to Book this Tours?

BOOK INCA TRAIL FOR 2019

Is it expensive?

The best part about Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail is that there are so many options to do, that you can choose what to do and what not to do according to your travel budget. The definite destination must be the lost city of Machu Picchu, so make sure you are going to make the tour through the worldwide famous path made of stones and reach the city, which, by the way, is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

Is it difficult?

This is definitely a no. If you go to Machu Picchu, you’ll find all kinds of people, from all sizes, ages and aspects. This should be something you have to propose yourself. It is somehow a challenge on its own, the Inca Trail, but it eases on you while you get more into it. At some parts it can get harder, but then you’ll find yourself in the Peruvian plains, and it is a pleasure. So, let’s get to the point: no, you don’t have to be a professional to do the Inca Trail, but you have to be in good shape, either in your body or in your mind, because it can break you if you’re not ready.

How do you get to be part of this journey?

There are several options. Just have in mind you won’t find a place for tomorrow. Be prepared, in advanced. For example, if you make a decision now, then what you’re looking for is an Inca Trail booking 2019. You can get guides online, such as maps and suggestions according to what you expect to do there. Remember, this is hiking; this is not shopping, or going to the beach. You’re being connected to mother nature. You are getting fresh air. You will exercise. And this is in a high level over the sea, so oxygen is not as abundant as in your house, but still, we’re talking about a once in a lifetime experience. Just make up your mind and go. This is not only to see Machu Picchu. This is an adventure. You can go straight to Machu Picchu by other trails and train, but the Inca Trail is a four-day hiking experience where you connect to yourself, the nature and other cultures more than anywhere else in the world.

What no one is telling you about this journey

Well, I already said it before. This is the longest way to see Machu Picchu. This is four days hiking, climbing, camping, going up and down in stone ladders and steps, and being out of oxygen for about 60% of the day. Your feet may hurt, your legs may get exhausted, you may lose a toenail and you may say a few bad words that you’re not used to say every day. If all of these things happen in a trail, then why do people keep doing it? Because once you get to the destination, tears will come out of your eyes. The emotions are so many that you won’t be able to describe the situation once you go back home and your friends ask you about it. And most of the hikers who take the Inca Trail will tell you the same thing: if you take the short way, you won’t understand these emotions that the long-way hikers have.

What to learn from this place

Just think of this place as a hidden citadel (and it is), where Incas would hike for four days straight to get there, and live peacefully. You’re connecting with them, somehow. And if you take a guide with you, try to learn as much of their culture and history as possible. The Sun Gate, the Death Woman’s Pass, the Andes, the hidden treasures, everything’s just worth it, and going by train won’t allow you to enjoy them. And in the way, all the porters will give you so much food you will forget what it was like to be hungry. So, every doubt aside now, it is time for you to decide. Do you want to get this unique feeling? Do you want to connect with an ancient culture and nature? Do you want an adventure? Then this is a hike and a place for you.

BOOK INCA TRAIL FOR 2019

Visiting the Peru Mountains

Overview

Mountain hiking goes hand in hand with popular tourist activities all over the world with it being one of the most fun activities to do for physically active individuals. While there are many amazing mountain ranges in the world, one of the most unique and interesting ranges is the Peru Mountains. The Peru Mountains consist of different mountains that are perfect for hiking and tourist activity. For potential visitors to Peru, I can enlighten them on how to maximize their visit to the Peru Mountains.

alpamayo-peru-mountains
Alpamayo Mountain – Peru

 

What do they consist of?

The most famous mountains in Peru is the Andes range of mountains which extends from the north to the south of the country. There are a set of mountain ranges with at least thirty peaks being 6000 meters above sea level. Numerous other mountains that are 5000 meters above sea level. This makes the Andes range of mountains one of the most unique and beautifully formed mountain ranges in the world. In Peru, these mountains are a beautiful and risky mountains to climb. The highest peak in the Andes is Mount Huascaran. The mountain is a beautiful snowy addition to the skyline. At 6,768 meters, the mountain is suited for experienced mountain climbers due to its high peaks. Other high peak mountains included in the range are Mount Pisco, the Rainbow Mountain, Mount Siula Grande, El Misti Volcano, Mount Yerupajá, and Santa Cruz Mountain among others.

What makes them unique?

The Peru Mountains are unique in many different ways. One of the distinct features is that some mountains on the range are actually active volcanoes. Visiting an active volcano is a once in a lifetime opportunity for most individuals. The El Misti Volcano that rises up to a magnificent 5, 825 meters above sea level is an active volcano in the Andes range. The thrill of visiting an active volcano that is also challenging and exciting to climb is a major attraction to many visitors. If you are looking for a once in a lifetime opportunity, this is a great mountain for you to visit! The majority of mountains in the range are the best mountain climbing experiences for experienced mountain climbers with their high peaks, stunning views and challenging routes.

Another distinct feature present in the Andes Mountains is the Rainbow Mountain. This exotic looking mountain features stratified layers of rock which makes it have a beautiful and dreamlike quality. I can bet that you have probably seen an image of this stunning mountainside as a popular wallpaper but it is actually a real place! For individuals looking for the perfect background to capture their visit to Peru, this is the perfect mountain for you. It is hauntingly beautiful and almost preternatural. Any visit to the mountains of Peru is incomplete without visiting the famous Rainbow Mountain.

What activities can you do on the Peru Mountains?

The main activity is mountain climbing where experienced climbers attempt to climb the lofty peaks. The peaks are a great challenge for expert mountaineers as the height is quite difficult for most climbers. However, most people including me are not experts at mountain climbing. Do not worry! There are day hikes that are created for individuals who want to experience the beauty of these mountains without having to be skilled at mountain climbing. Mount Diablo Mudo for example, offers its climbers a moderate challenge that can allow entry level climbers to enjoy the mountain climbing experience without the arduous challenge of much higher peaks. Other activities that can be done on these mountains include bungee jumping, paragliding, river rafting, boating as well as zipline activities. Suffice it to say, you cannot get bored vising the Peru Mountains.

Are there any legal or safety requirements to visit the Peru Mountains?

There are no legal requirements from the Peru government necessary to visit the Peru Mountains aside from documents that legalize your presence in the country. It is important to have the appropriate documents to be within the country. Do not assume that visas are simply given at the port of entry. In terms of climbing and other activities conducted on the Peru Mountains, it is crucial to ensure that you are properly trained how to climb difficult mountains. For your own safety, ensure that you have the correct climbing equipment to ensure that you remain safe throughout your ventures. In addition, it is recommended not to climb extremely difficult peaks without having the correct guidance from the relevant authorities and experienced climbers of Peru mountains.

Tips to enjoy your visit to the Peru Mountains

  • See the sights! Visit as many beautiful places in the Peru Mountains as you can. There options are endless with a total of 33 high peaks.
  • Participate! Take part in activities that are planned by touring companies such as trekking, ziplining and even paragliding.
  • Climb! You cannot visit and not participate in climbing activity. Whether you are an experienced climber or not, there are routes specifically designed for you.

Conclusion

My experiences in Peru are some of the happiest memories that I have. The Peru Mountains have been important parts of my journey and have been a spectacular sight to behold. I would advise anyone to visit the mountains and experience their splendor firsthand.

Visiting+Peru+Mountains

Into the Peruvian desert: What is Nazca?

Deep into Peru, about 400 kilometers from Lima, their capital city, these mysterious lines draw some strange figures in the desert. These are the Nazca Lines, and their mystery is a beautiful journey to make any time of the year. If you go there, make sure you’re ready to cross the desert, because they’re deep into the Ica Desert, and there isn’t anything but dunes and the lines. And an ancient city, but we will get there soon.

The Nazca Lines – What do we know about the lines?

According to Peruvian professionals of history, the Nazca Lines were made around the year 1547. Other investigations claim they were made somewhere between the year 1 and 700 AD. They are between 50 and 300 meters long, that is between 54 and 330 yards long; and since 1994 UNESCO declared them as Cultural Heritage of Humanity. And so far, only suppositions were made about their real purpose.

Theories around the mystery

The first supposition comes from Julio César Tello, a Peruvian archeologist who in 1929 described them as “sacred routs”, while in the same year, the American researcher Paul Kosok proposed that the lines were some sort of “astronomy book”. Another theory came years later, when Toribio Mexía Xesspe said they come from an ancient lost cult. One of the strongest theories so far comes from the German archeologist María Reiche Neumann, whose deep and extended research claims that the lines are a huge solar and lunar calendar, that used to point when it was going to rain and when it wasn’t, so they could harvest at the right moment. And finally, the strongest hypothesis comes from Italy’s National Research Council, in Rome. They observed the lines from satellites and discovered a correlation between the spirals in the drawings and underground deposits of water that the Nazca people would probably use to water their town, and their crops. And why are they shaped like animals or recognizable figures? Well, to thank their gods for the water. According to this theory, the drawings are only visible from the sky, and the sky is where their gods lived.

Animal line drawings

The main drawings in the Nazca Lines are five, and they represent animals from the area.

  • The monkey, which has nine fingers, its tail has a spiral form, and it is believed it represents Ursa Major, the constellation.
  • The hummingbird, of 66 meters from one tip of its wings to the other.
  • The spider, which is located in the limits of a trapezoid.
  • The frigate bird, of around 160 meters long. Its head is made of lots of circles with ratios between 4 and 8 inches.
  • The giant bird, the biggest one. It is more than 300 meters long, which would be longer than three football fields.

But that’s not it

In total, there are more than 300 figures drawn in the soil of the Ica Desert, but most tours only take you to see the 15 most important ones. Remember their sizes. If it took years for archeologists to find them all, don’t expect to see all of them in just one trip.

Recent discoveries

So big is the mystery of these lines, that in the year 2017, 50 new drawings were discovered. Why weren’t those seen before, you may ask yourself. According to Luis Jaime Castillo Butters, one of the archeologists that made the discovery, the trace is so thin the human eye cannot detect it. The investigators used drones, and found these new images of soldiers, people and animals.

How to visit them

There are a few options. You can use one of the tour buses that leave from Lima, Arequipa or Cusco. You can also ask for one of the planes that can fly you over the figures with experienced pilots. Of course, each journey you make comes first with a few kilometers ride of dunes and dunes. Ica Desert is enormous, and the lines are somewhere deep inside.

What else is there?

Most tours start from the ruins of Cahuachi, the most recent discovery. It is an ancient city of about 2000 years old, and there is one big pyramid in it, so you don’t want to miss this. Then, the lines start to appear, one after the other. The whale, the astronaut, the monkey, the dog, the pelican, the condor, the spider, the hummingbird, the spiral, the hands, the tree, the Alcatraz, the parrot, the star, and it goes on and on. The astronaut, as you read, is one of the biggest mysteries. It is the figure of a man with big eyes over a rock. So far, no one’s been able to tell its meaning.

Why visit them

The mystery is so big, and survived for so long, it is a thing you can’t miss. IF you love travelling, getting to know new cultures, changing the air a little or just see one of the few unsolved questions of humanity, this is in the same planet as you, so go. Besides, Peru has great food, good beers, interesting music and it people are so kind you will want to stay longer. Our advice is to give it a chance. Don’t forget to bring a camera, and enjoy watching the biggest drawings you’ll ever see.

6 beers from South America you cannot miss

Craft beer is a thing now, it’s been going on for years and it’s here to stay. But with so many options to choose sometimes you can just lose your mind and end up choosing whatever shows up first, and that’s not how any craft beer experience is supposed to be. Everyone knows someone who either makes beer, or who wants to put a bar somewhere and offer it. Well, the same thing is happening everywhere, and some of the last revelations in making craft beer are in South America. Here you’ll see a small guide about 6 of the best South American beers that you don’t want to miss.

Sir Hopper

Some of the best South American beers come from Argentina, and this one is outstanding. Hernan Castellani, the responsible behind the creation of Sir Hopper, is now an expert in the area, and dedicates his life not only to make his own beer, but also to advise other producers professionally, so the qualities in all the beers that surround Sir Hopper also improve. Sir Hopper is a brewery from Buenos Aires that only makes IPAs. But not one or two IPAs. They make more than ten different IPAs. Black, white, red, Imperial, Session, Lager, black Imperial, American Barley Wine, and so on. And every few months they create a new variety. What’s the secret behind this? Hernan is an expert in hopping. What is hopping? It’s the use of hops while making beer. Hops are these green flowers that grow in not so many parts of the world; they are responsible for bitterness, taste and smell, and depending which species you use, when you add it to the cooking, or how you do it, the results will be different.

Cheverry

We can’t leave Argentina yet. It has a lot to give us in beers. Cheverry is one of the most popular craft beers in the country, and the reason is that they make so much they can distribute it around the country with no problem. You won’t find this one in the supermarket, though. You have to go to selected bars and breweries if you want to have it. Unlike Sir Hopper, there’s more than one person behind this. They are a group of brothers and cousins with the Etcheverry last name, and they all are from Mar del Plata, a city located by the sea. And also, unlike Sir Hopper, they make varieties outside of only IPAs, and lots of them have been rewarded. Old Ale, Honey Beer, English Brown, Belgian Dark Strong, Session IPA, Barley Wine, Strong Ale, American Pilsener, and more.

Patagonia

Ok, the last one from Argentina before moving to another country. This one is, as the name recalls, in Patagonia, in the city of Bariloche. They started as a small brewery, but began making so awesome beers that a big company bought their fabric, and now they belong to a big multinational, but their heart is still the one of a small brewery who wants to get a good beer taste with a handmade style. Patagonia beers can be found in supermarkets, some bars and, since they have the money now, their own bars too. Their styles are not so many, but something they do is present different new styles and offer them for a limited time. Their fabric is set beside a hops plantation, so they are constantly experimenting with new techniques and tastes in order to get to the final result: perfection. Amber Lager, Weiss, Bohemian Pilsener and Küné are the styles you will always find. The others, well, you better go look for it and find out.

Barbarian

If you ever go to Peru, this is a beer you don’t want to miss. If you ask anyone in this country about the best South American beers, most of them will definitely name Barbarian. Like Patagonia, this one also started as a small brewery, but with time, and its huge success, now Barbarian can be found in some supermarkets and in lots of bars. A curious thing, this beer is considered as a competition against big multinational beers in Peru, as they are one of the starters of the craft beer movement in the country. Try their fun flavors and choose your favorite.

Kuntsmann

In Chile, most breweries have German roots and descendants, so you’ll notice that most of their names start with the letter K, for example, and most of their favors are unique, with personality and all the style your pint needs. Kuntsmann is the story of a father, who left everything behind to start his own small business in order to leave a nice inheritance for his son. Now, this is one of the leaders in Chile, and their specialties are dark beers. Wanna try one? You better visit Chile.

Colorado

We’re standing in Brazil now. This craft beer has been awarded so many times it has to catch your attention. They’re made with English wheat, and they make only four styles. Wanna hear something interesting? The four of them have medals from different competitions. Their most flattered one is the coffee flavored beer, a jewel you will have to try once you get to find it. And don’t worry, it is so popular, you definitely will find it.

Navigable beauty in Bolivia and Peru

The Titicaca Lake: One of the last tendencies in tourism is also the place where a lot of the most beautiful pictures are taken. I’m talking about Lake Titicaca, the largest lake in all of South America. Also known as the highest body of navigable water in the world. But what makes a lake so special? Follow me in a journey and you’ll see.

Geography

Two countries through their Andes Mountains share Lake Titicaca: Bolivia and Peru. It sits 3800 meters above sea level, and the deepest part of the lake is 300 meters deep. Just imagine three blocks long of water, but in a vertical way. Around it there are green and yellow mountains. The water this lake contains comes from more than 25 rivers and glaciers, and only one river drains it out, the Desaguadero, but the lake contains so much water that the Desaguadero can barely drain almost 5% of the incoming water the lake takes from the other rivers.

The islands

Over forty islands compose the Titicaca area, and most of them are quite unexplored. Some populations live in several islands, but the surfaces are enormous, and lots of Incan ruins fulfill the amazing places that are still waiting to be explored and unveiled. The biggest one is called La Isla del Sol, which means the island of the sun in Spanish. It is located in the Bolivian side, and it is calculated there are more than 140 ruins in it.

The species

If you are interested in animals, this place will amaze you. It is calculated that around 90% of the species that live here are endemic. What does endemic mean? It means that you won’t be able to find any of those species anywhere else in the world.  More than 500 different species of fish, birds and amphibious live in the lake and make it unique every day. And some of them are in real danger of extinction, like the big Titicaca frog. Of course, if you compare the place with the Amazon rainforest, this is a quite smaller ecosystem, but Titicaca has a unique enchantment that will definitely impress you.

The mysteries

Lake Titicaca is known as “the birthplace of the Incas”, and also the “birthplace of the sun”. The first one refers to the legend in Incan mythology where Manco Capac, the first Incan king, was born in there. Later, the gods created him a wife, and then the Incas began. The second story is about the god Viracocha, who according to Incan mythology was born in the lake, and was responsible for the creation of the sun, the stars and the first people. The islands that compose the place are full of Incan ruins, and recently some of them were found at the bottom of the lake. No one knows how they got there.

The name

This is for the curious people out there, who always like to learn new and interesting stuff: the origin of the name. Titicaca comes from the expression “Titi Khar’ka”, which stands for rock of the puma in Aymara, a local ancient language. This is because of the shape of the lake, that if you look at it from above, it draws a puma hunting a rabbit.

The people

The Urus is a culture that descends from the most ancient culture that ever lived in there, and if you go now, they still habit most of the islands. In the area, lots of different people and cultures left their marks. The most famous one are the Incas, but before them there were the Pukara, the Collas and the Tiwanaku. Nowadays you’ll only be able to find the Uros, a group of humble people who build their boats and houses entirely of the reeds that grow at the shore of the lake. An interesting fact is that lots of the islands are literally floating in the lake, because their soils are made entirely of the reeds too, and if you jump up and down, you’ll get to see the water growing below your feet. Also, those islands can be moved, because they are floating, and the Uru’s families that share them usually move them to be closer to the other families that they choose to be close to. Also, you can only be in one of the Uru’s ceremonies if you are part of their community, and that only happens once you are married to one of them. This also works for them, if one of them is not married, that one is not considered as part of their society either. Like this, you’ll be able to learn a lot of different things from this amazing culture.

More reasons to visit

Here the people are quite friendly, so activities are unlimited. You can play football with them, buy handmade jewelry or even learn local dances and dance with them. Also, there are boats everywhere, so there will always be someone to take you somewhere interesting, like another island, some ruins or to their market so you buy them stuff. This is a place where you cannot forget to bring a nice camera, because the landscapes there are awesome. Just go and look for pictures in the Internet and then tell us. It is definitely not an expensive journey, and it is totally worth it.

Understanding the Mysterious Ayahuasca

What is Ayahuasca?

Ayahuasca definition – a new term for most westerners, ayahuasca is a plant based mixture that causes individuals to have psychedelic reactions. The mixture is native to the Amazon and is made of a combination of plants including one named Ayahuasca with the scientific moniker of Banisteriopsis caapi. The Amazonian drink combines the ayahuasca vine with either the chacruna or chagropanga. The mixture induces some interesting behavior in the person who take it usually involving an altered state. Ayahuasca can be prepared in a tea or even smoked with the same effects to an individual’s body. The effects of the mixture can be felt within four hours of consumption. The drink has only recently become famous for its mysterious effect on the human body despite being used in South America for thousands of years. Before attempting to consume this drink, it is necessary to conduct some due diligence and find out exactly what it is and how it can affect you.

Traditional Use of Ayahuasca

The drink has been in use for many years in the Amazon with most experts estimating that it has been utilized for thousands of years and for a number of functions. The primary function of ayahuasca is the traditional sense was a tool for shamans and medicine men amongst the Amazonian tribes. The enhanced state of mind is said to allow these individuals to view the future or understand signs in nature with cultural significance. Similarly, the mixture was used by the medicine men to understand or divine what was causing a particular illness in an individual or harm to the society. Ayahuasca is a mind altering substance that is said to produce vivid visions and open up the mind in ways that are indescribable. In addition, the mixture was used to cleanse the body and purge it of any of the toxins that may have affected the individual’s progress in the society. Clearly, the plant mixture still bears cultural significance among South American Amazonian tribes due to its important spiritual role in the society.

How does Ayahuasca effects the human body? 

The most obvious impact of ayahuasca on the human body is to induce vivid hallucinations and an altered mind within hours of consumption. Westerners who have partaken in the mixture state that ayahuasca allowed their minds to open up enabling them to confront their greatest fears while also contemplating the universe. For most, the experience is described as a spiritual experience that allows an individual to truly understand themselves. However, there are other symptoms that are not as pleasant as vibrant hallucinations or altered conscious. People who consume ayahuasca are likely to suffer from vomiting or diarrhea due to the intense strength of the drink on the human system. Traditionally, this is viewed as a positive effect in terms of ridding the body of any unwanted components in the body.

Scientific Analysis of Ayahuasca

From a scientific analysis of the plant mixture, the main reason why the drink induces such serious effects on the human body is the high concentration of N-Dimethyltryptamine. Popularly known as DMT, the chemical is a natural element that is present in plants and animals. It is a powerful hallucinogenic that can be smoked or drunk as in the case of ayahuasca and affects the 5-HT2A receptor subtype. DMT is not toxic to human beings and often has short term effects on the user with most user reporting that the product did not affect them negatively in the long term.

Modern Uses of Ayahuasca

Despite the fact that the plant mixture is known to induce different states of consciousness, it has been explored as a possible medical treatment for some conditions. Among these conditions is depression where the tea is intended to help individuals in dealing with their emotions effectively. Because of the spiritual experience reported by most users of the tea, ayahuasca is being explored as a possible measure of dealing with addictions. The drink allows the subconscious mind to access ideas and understand how they are being affected by certain situations in their real lives. This ‘wake up’ call is crucial in changing the outlook of individuals suffering from some of these medical and mental conditions. The drink encourages self-awareness, self-understanding and self-acceptance which are important handling these issues. More research is needed in the future to determine the other effects that this plant mixture may have on the health of human beings.

Summary

Ayahuasca is a wonderfully mysterious natural plant product that remains part of South American heritage. It plays a role in the social and cultural groups of Amazon tribes with a particularly special place in the spiritual lives of these tribes. The popularity of the drink among westerners illustrates that it is becoming more common globally in terms of usage. Clearly, the drink has an impact on the human body which many drinkers describe as a positive experience. If it is to be implemented as a medical intervention into some conditions, it is necessary to conduct more conclusive research on the plant and how its long term use can affect the human body. The adventure lovers should try this drink if they come across it if only to have the spiritual awakening described by many past users.

Peru Language: A Showing of Customary Practices

If you are used to meeting new people, you can guess their nationality by their mannerism and their form of speech. The way people speak can reveal who they are, after an intense conversation which might have lasted for some hours. In the same manner, the number of times being used in the midst of people can help you classify if Peru language is predominantly in use. Perhaps you are a tourist and your next destination is Peru, you need to be aware of the languages that are spoken there so that you know how to interact with the local people. Interestingly, traveling is part of an adventure that allows you to meet new faces with their mannerism and forms of language.

Perhaps you would like to see Peru once more for your vacation because you miss the culture and the food. Moreover, your frequent visits can make you take a keen interest in the various languages that are spoken by the local people. This way, you develop affiliation for the people by knowing how they think and speak through their languages. It all depends whether you to explore the landscape, see new people, learn about their mode of receiving strangers through hospitality.

Constitutionally, Peru accommodates other languages that span over forty-two in number. However, much of the predominantly used languages and the ones going into extinction are discussed below.

  1. Spanish

Also known as Español or Castellano, the larger percentage of those that speak this language in Peru is close to eighty. Interestingly, there are variations to how Spanish is represented, depending on various locations. You can also notice the differences in the use of Spanish in intonation, pronunciation, and meaning. Moreover, it is important to note that Español is the language of government, meaning that the language is universally accepted and used in media housing, public functions, the state government offices and so on. So, for every nooks and cranny in Peru, you can expect the people to use Spanish successfully, but with slight variations in the style.

  1. Quechua

In Peru, Quechua is the most used language after Spanish, which is the language of government. The Inca Empire popularized the use of this language for many years, and its traces can still be found in the central and southern highlands of the country. Interestingly, this language existed even before the emergence of the Inca Empire. Today, the Inca Empire has naturally claimed the use of this language. There are also variations of this language, across the natives that speak it. People outside this group may find it difficult to understand one another in the process of initiating interaction.

  1. Aymara

After Quechua, Aymara is the third widely spoken language among the natives in the country. This language is associated with the Bolivian sect because they speak this language more than other tribes in Peru. However, the major challenge about this language is that the people speaking it are few in number, compared to other languages. The reason is that the people that speak it are not widely spread, unlike Spanish or Quechua that has more speakers in major cities.

  1. Aguaruna

You can hardly find those that are making use of this language because it is nearing extinction. The reason is that the people of Peru have embraced Spanish and Quechua far more than other minority languages. Interesting, those that still have the faintest idea about this language are either code-mixing or code-switching Aguaruna with either Spanish or Quechua.

  1. Shipibo

This language also falls under the category of Aguaruna, because a very insignificant number of people make use of it. As it stands, you can only find traces of this language buried inside other major languages like Spanish. Those you will find speaking these languages can be found in the Amazon region. Interestingly, there are over thirteen tribes that can be found in the Amazon forest speaking some of these languages that are close to extinction.

  1. Ashaninka

Amongst the thirteen tribes in the Amazon forest, you can also discover the use of this language among its native, but the problem arises in knowing how these minor languages have stayed on while still nearing extinction. For those that have had contact with these tribes in one way or another, they can testify that the languages spoken in the Amazon forest by the clans present there are not incomprehensible for other native language users living outside the forest.

On your next trip to Peru, you may become fascinated by the comeliness of the people, coupled with the way the majority speak Spanish with vibrancy. Apart from the food and music that has been a tourist attraction for many years, the ancient relics of the highlands and the lowlands can see you embracing the gifts of history more. So, with the help of a guide, you can navigate the whole landscape of Peru, as you seek to learn about the people and how they accept foreign folks into their country. Initially, you may struggle with languages that you made the first contact after your anticipation to see Peru. There is more to getting obsessed with the people’s food. There are other aspects of the culture of the people you can grow to love in the course of your stay. Moreover, the Peru government is keen to  encouraging foreigners to stay and mix with the local people in order to build relationships for a long time. The reason is that the Peru language has the capacity to unite both foreigners and the natives alike.