Into the Peruvian desert: What is Nazca?

Deep into Peru, about 400 kilometers from Lima, their capital city, these mysterious lines draw some strange figures in the desert. These are the Nazca Lines, and their mystery is a beautiful journey to make any time of the year. If you go there, make sure you’re ready to cross the desert, because they’re deep into the Ica Desert, and there isn’t anything but dunes and the lines. And an ancient city, but we will get there soon.

The Nazca Lines – What do we know about the lines?

According to Peruvian professionals of history, the Nazca Lines were made around the year 1547. Other investigations claim they were made somewhere between the year 1 and 700 AD. They are between 50 and 300 meters long, that is between 54 and 330 yards long; and since 1994 UNESCO declared them as Cultural Heritage of Humanity. And so far, only suppositions were made about their real purpose.

Theories around the mystery

The first supposition comes from Julio César Tello, a Peruvian archeologist who in 1929 described them as “sacred routs”, while in the same year, the American researcher Paul Kosok proposed that the lines were some sort of “astronomy book”. Another theory came years later, when Toribio Mexía Xesspe said they come from an ancient lost cult. One of the strongest theories so far comes from the German archeologist María Reiche Neumann, whose deep and extended research claims that the lines are a huge solar and lunar calendar, that used to point when it was going to rain and when it wasn’t, so they could harvest at the right moment. And finally, the strongest hypothesis comes from Italy’s National Research Council, in Rome. They observed the lines from satellites and discovered a correlation between the spirals in the drawings and underground deposits of water that the Nazca people would probably use to water their town, and their crops. And why are they shaped like animals or recognizable figures? Well, to thank their gods for the water. According to this theory, the drawings are only visible from the sky, and the sky is where their gods lived.

Animal line drawings

The main drawings in the Nazca Lines are five, and they represent animals from the area.

  • The monkey, which has nine fingers, its tail has a spiral form, and it is believed it represents Ursa Major, the constellation.
  • The hummingbird, of 66 meters from one tip of its wings to the other.
  • The spider, which is located in the limits of a trapezoid.
  • The frigate bird, of around 160 meters long. Its head is made of lots of circles with ratios between 4 and 8 inches.
  • The giant bird, the biggest one. It is more than 300 meters long, which would be longer than three football fields.

But that’s not it

In total, there are more than 300 figures drawn in the soil of the Ica Desert, but most tours only take you to see the 15 most important ones. Remember their sizes. If it took years for archeologists to find them all, don’t expect to see all of them in just one trip.

Recent discoveries

So big is the mystery of these lines, that in the year 2017, 50 new drawings were discovered. Why weren’t those seen before, you may ask yourself. According to Luis Jaime Castillo Butters, one of the archeologists that made the discovery, the trace is so thin the human eye cannot detect it. The investigators used drones, and found these new images of soldiers, people and animals.

How to visit them

There are a few options. You can use one of the tour buses that leave from Lima, Arequipa or Cusco. You can also ask for one of the planes that can fly you over the figures with experienced pilots. Of course, each journey you make comes first with a few kilometers ride of dunes and dunes. Ica Desert is enormous, and the lines are somewhere deep inside.

What else is there?

Most tours start from the ruins of Cahuachi, the most recent discovery. It is an ancient city of about 2000 years old, and there is one big pyramid in it, so you don’t want to miss this. Then, the lines start to appear, one after the other. The whale, the astronaut, the monkey, the dog, the pelican, the condor, the spider, the hummingbird, the spiral, the hands, the tree, the Alcatraz, the parrot, the star, and it goes on and on. The astronaut, as you read, is one of the biggest mysteries. It is the figure of a man with big eyes over a rock. So far, no one’s been able to tell its meaning.

Why visit them

The mystery is so big, and survived for so long, it is a thing you can’t miss. IF you love travelling, getting to know new cultures, changing the air a little or just see one of the few unsolved questions of humanity, this is in the same planet as you, so go. Besides, Peru has great food, good beers, interesting music and it people are so kind you will want to stay longer. Our advice is to give it a chance. Don’t forget to bring a camera, and enjoy watching the biggest drawings you’ll ever see.

6 beers from South America you cannot miss

Craft beer is a thing now, it’s been going on for years and it’s here to stay. But with so many options to choose sometimes you can just lose your mind and end up choosing whatever shows up first, and that’s not how any craft beer experience is supposed to be. Everyone knows someone who either makes beer, or who wants to put a bar somewhere and offer it. Well, the same thing is happening everywhere, and some of the last revelations in making craft beer are in South America. Here you’ll see a small guide about 6 of the best South American beers that you don’t want to miss.

Sir Hopper

Some of the best South American beers come from Argentina, and this one is outstanding. Hernan Castellani, the responsible behind the creation of Sir Hopper, is now an expert in the area, and dedicates his life not only to make his own beer, but also to advise other producers professionally, so the qualities in all the beers that surround Sir Hopper also improve. Sir Hopper is a brewery from Buenos Aires that only makes IPAs. But not one or two IPAs. They make more than ten different IPAs. Black, white, red, Imperial, Session, Lager, black Imperial, American Barley Wine, and so on. And every few months they create a new variety. What’s the secret behind this? Hernan is an expert in hopping. What is hopping? It’s the use of hops while making beer. Hops are these green flowers that grow in not so many parts of the world; they are responsible for bitterness, taste and smell, and depending which species you use, when you add it to the cooking, or how you do it, the results will be different.

Cheverry

We can’t leave Argentina yet. It has a lot to give us in beers. Cheverry is one of the most popular craft beers in the country, and the reason is that they make so much they can distribute it around the country with no problem. You won’t find this one in the supermarket, though. You have to go to selected bars and breweries if you want to have it. Unlike Sir Hopper, there’s more than one person behind this. They are a group of brothers and cousins with the Etcheverry last name, and they all are from Mar del Plata, a city located by the sea. And also, unlike Sir Hopper, they make varieties outside of only IPAs, and lots of them have been rewarded. Old Ale, Honey Beer, English Brown, Belgian Dark Strong, Session IPA, Barley Wine, Strong Ale, American Pilsener, and more.

Patagonia

Ok, the last one from Argentina before moving to another country. This one is, as the name recalls, in Patagonia, in the city of Bariloche. They started as a small brewery, but began making so awesome beers that a big company bought their fabric, and now they belong to a big multinational, but their heart is still the one of a small brewery who wants to get a good beer taste with a handmade style. Patagonia beers can be found in supermarkets, some bars and, since they have the money now, their own bars too. Their styles are not so many, but something they do is present different new styles and offer them for a limited time. Their fabric is set beside a hops plantation, so they are constantly experimenting with new techniques and tastes in order to get to the final result: perfection. Amber Lager, Weiss, Bohemian Pilsener and Küné are the styles you will always find. The others, well, you better go look for it and find out.

Barbarian

If you ever go to Peru, this is a beer you don’t want to miss. If you ask anyone in this country about the best South American beers, most of them will definitely name Barbarian. Like Patagonia, this one also started as a small brewery, but with time, and its huge success, now Barbarian can be found in some supermarkets and in lots of bars. A curious thing, this beer is considered as a competition against big multinational beers in Peru, as they are one of the starters of the craft beer movement in the country. Try their fun flavors and choose your favorite.

Kuntsmann

In Chile, most breweries have German roots and descendants, so you’ll notice that most of their names start with the letter K, for example, and most of their favors are unique, with personality and all the style your pint needs. Kuntsmann is the story of a father, who left everything behind to start his own small business in order to leave a nice inheritance for his son. Now, this is one of the leaders in Chile, and their specialties are dark beers. Wanna try one? You better visit Chile.

Colorado

We’re standing in Brazil now. This craft beer has been awarded so many times it has to catch your attention. They’re made with English wheat, and they make only four styles. Wanna hear something interesting? The four of them have medals from different competitions. Their most flattered one is the coffee flavored beer, a jewel you will have to try once you get to find it. And don’t worry, it is so popular, you definitely will find it.

Navigable beauty in Bolivia and Peru

The Titicaca Lake: One of the last tendencies in tourism is also the place where a lot of the most beautiful pictures are taken. I’m talking about Lake Titicaca, the largest lake in all of South America. Also known as the highest body of navigable water in the world. But what makes a lake so special? Follow me in a journey and you’ll see.

Geography

Two countries through their Andes Mountains share Lake Titicaca: Bolivia and Peru. It sits 3800 meters above sea level, and the deepest part of the lake is 300 meters deep. Just imagine three blocks long of water, but in a vertical way. Around it there are green and yellow mountains. The water this lake contains comes from more than 25 rivers and glaciers, and only one river drains it out, the Desaguadero, but the lake contains so much water that the Desaguadero can barely drain almost 5% of the incoming water the lake takes from the other rivers.

The islands

Over forty islands compose the Titicaca area, and most of them are quite unexplored. Some populations live in several islands, but the surfaces are enormous, and lots of Incan ruins fulfill the amazing places that are still waiting to be explored and unveiled. The biggest one is called La Isla del Sol, which means the island of the sun in Spanish. It is located in the Bolivian side, and it is calculated there are more than 140 ruins in it.

The species

If you are interested in animals, this place will amaze you. It is calculated that around 90% of the species that live here are endemic. What does endemic mean? It means that you won’t be able to find any of those species anywhere else in the world.  More than 500 different species of fish, birds and amphibious live in the lake and make it unique every day. And some of them are in real danger of extinction, like the big Titicaca frog. Of course, if you compare the place with the Amazon rainforest, this is a quite smaller ecosystem, but Titicaca has a unique enchantment that will definitely impress you.

The mysteries

Lake Titicaca is known as “the birthplace of the Incas”, and also the “birthplace of the sun”. The first one refers to the legend in Incan mythology where Manco Capac, the first Incan king, was born in there. Later, the gods created him a wife, and then the Incas began. The second story is about the god Viracocha, who according to Incan mythology was born in the lake, and was responsible for the creation of the sun, the stars and the first people. The islands that compose the place are full of Incan ruins, and recently some of them were found at the bottom of the lake. No one knows how they got there.

The name

This is for the curious people out there, who always like to learn new and interesting stuff: the origin of the name. Titicaca comes from the expression “Titi Khar’ka”, which stands for rock of the puma in Aymara, a local ancient language. This is because of the shape of the lake, that if you look at it from above, it draws a puma hunting a rabbit.

The people

The Urus is a culture that descends from the most ancient culture that ever lived in there, and if you go now, they still habit most of the islands. In the area, lots of different people and cultures left their marks. The most famous one are the Incas, but before them there were the Pukara, the Collas and the Tiwanaku. Nowadays you’ll only be able to find the Uros, a group of humble people who build their boats and houses entirely of the reeds that grow at the shore of the lake. An interesting fact is that lots of the islands are literally floating in the lake, because their soils are made entirely of the reeds too, and if you jump up and down, you’ll get to see the water growing below your feet. Also, those islands can be moved, because they are floating, and the Uru’s families that share them usually move them to be closer to the other families that they choose to be close to. Also, you can only be in one of the Uru’s ceremonies if you are part of their community, and that only happens once you are married to one of them. This also works for them, if one of them is not married, that one is not considered as part of their society either. Like this, you’ll be able to learn a lot of different things from this amazing culture.

More reasons to visit

Here the people are quite friendly, so activities are unlimited. You can play football with them, buy handmade jewelry or even learn local dances and dance with them. Also, there are boats everywhere, so there will always be someone to take you somewhere interesting, like another island, some ruins or to their market so you buy them stuff. This is a place where you cannot forget to bring a nice camera, because the landscapes there are awesome. Just go and look for pictures in the Internet and then tell us. It is definitely not an expensive journey, and it is totally worth it.

Understanding the Mysterious Ayahuasca

What is Ayahuasca?

Ayahuasca definition – a new term for most westerners, ayahuasca is a plant based mixture that causes individuals to have psychedelic reactions. The mixture is native to the Amazon and is made of a combination of plants including one named Ayahuasca with the scientific moniker of Banisteriopsis caapi. The Amazonian drink combines the ayahuasca vine with either the chacruna or chagropanga. The mixture induces some interesting behavior in the person who take it usually involving an altered state. Ayahuasca can be prepared in a tea or even smoked with the same effects to an individual’s body. The effects of the mixture can be felt within four hours of consumption. The drink has only recently become famous for its mysterious effect on the human body despite being used in South America for thousands of years. Before attempting to consume this drink, it is necessary to conduct some due diligence and find out exactly what it is and how it can affect you.

Traditional Use of Ayahuasca

The drink has been in use for many years in the Amazon with most experts estimating that it has been utilized for thousands of years and for a number of functions. The primary function of ayahuasca is the traditional sense was a tool for shamans and medicine men amongst the Amazonian tribes. The enhanced state of mind is said to allow these individuals to view the future or understand signs in nature with cultural significance. Similarly, the mixture was used by the medicine men to understand or divine what was causing a particular illness in an individual or harm to the society. Ayahuasca is a mind altering substance that is said to produce vivid visions and open up the mind in ways that are indescribable. In addition, the mixture was used to cleanse the body and purge it of any of the toxins that may have affected the individual’s progress in the society. Clearly, the plant mixture still bears cultural significance among South American Amazonian tribes due to its important spiritual role in the society.

How does Ayahuasca effects the human body? 

The most obvious impact of ayahuasca on the human body is to induce vivid hallucinations and an altered mind within hours of consumption. Westerners who have partaken in the mixture state that ayahuasca allowed their minds to open up enabling them to confront their greatest fears while also contemplating the universe. For most, the experience is described as a spiritual experience that allows an individual to truly understand themselves. However, there are other symptoms that are not as pleasant as vibrant hallucinations or altered conscious. People who consume ayahuasca are likely to suffer from vomiting or diarrhea due to the intense strength of the drink on the human system. Traditionally, this is viewed as a positive effect in terms of ridding the body of any unwanted components in the body.

Scientific Analysis of Ayahuasca

From a scientific analysis of the plant mixture, the main reason why the drink induces such serious effects on the human body is the high concentration of N-Dimethyltryptamine. Popularly known as DMT, the chemical is a natural element that is present in plants and animals. It is a powerful hallucinogenic that can be smoked or drunk as in the case of ayahuasca and affects the 5-HT2A receptor subtype. DMT is not toxic to human beings and often has short term effects on the user with most user reporting that the product did not affect them negatively in the long term.

Modern Uses of Ayahuasca

Despite the fact that the plant mixture is known to induce different states of consciousness, it has been explored as a possible medical treatment for some conditions. Among these conditions is depression where the tea is intended to help individuals in dealing with their emotions effectively. Because of the spiritual experience reported by most users of the tea, ayahuasca is being explored as a possible measure of dealing with addictions. The drink allows the subconscious mind to access ideas and understand how they are being affected by certain situations in their real lives. This ‘wake up’ call is crucial in changing the outlook of individuals suffering from some of these medical and mental conditions. The drink encourages self-awareness, self-understanding and self-acceptance which are important handling these issues. More research is needed in the future to determine the other effects that this plant mixture may have on the health of human beings.

Summary

Ayahuasca is a wonderfully mysterious natural plant product that remains part of South American heritage. It plays a role in the social and cultural groups of Amazon tribes with a particularly special place in the spiritual lives of these tribes. The popularity of the drink among westerners illustrates that it is becoming more common globally in terms of usage. Clearly, the drink has an impact on the human body which many drinkers describe as a positive experience. If it is to be implemented as a medical intervention into some conditions, it is necessary to conduct more conclusive research on the plant and how its long term use can affect the human body. The adventure lovers should try this drink if they come across it if only to have the spiritual awakening described by many past users.

Peru Language: A Showing of Customary Practices

If you are used to meeting new people, you can guess their nationality by their mannerism and their form of speech. The way people speak can reveal who they are, after an intense conversation which might have lasted for some hours. In the same manner, the number of times being used in the midst of people can help you classify if Peru language is predominantly in use. Perhaps you are a tourist and your next destination is Peru, you need to be aware of the languages that are spoken there so that you know how to interact with the local people. Interestingly, traveling is part of an adventure that allows you to meet new faces with their mannerism and forms of language.

Perhaps you would like to see Peru once more for your vacation because you miss the culture and the food. Moreover, your frequent visits can make you take a keen interest in the various languages that are spoken by the local people. This way, you develop affiliation for the people by knowing how they think and speak through their languages. It all depends whether you to explore the landscape, see new people, learn about their mode of receiving strangers through hospitality.

Constitutionally, Peru accommodates other languages that span over forty-two in number. However, much of the predominantly used languages and the ones going into extinction are discussed below.

  1. Spanish

Also known as Español or Castellano, the larger percentage of those that speak this language in Peru is close to eighty. Interestingly, there are variations to how Spanish is represented, depending on various locations. You can also notice the differences in the use of Spanish in intonation, pronunciation, and meaning. Moreover, it is important to note that Español is the language of government, meaning that the language is universally accepted and used in media housing, public functions, the state government offices and so on. So, for every nooks and cranny in Peru, you can expect the people to use Spanish successfully, but with slight variations in the style.

  1. Quechua

In Peru, Quechua is the most used language after Spanish, which is the language of government. The Inca Empire popularized the use of this language for many years, and its traces can still be found in the central and southern highlands of the country. Interestingly, this language existed even before the emergence of the Inca Empire. Today, the Inca Empire has naturally claimed the use of this language. There are also variations of this language, across the natives that speak it. People outside this group may find it difficult to understand one another in the process of initiating interaction.

  1. Aymara

After Quechua, Aymara is the third widely spoken language among the natives in the country. This language is associated with the Bolivian sect because they speak this language more than other tribes in Peru. However, the major challenge about this language is that the people speaking it are few in number, compared to other languages. The reason is that the people that speak it are not widely spread, unlike Spanish or Quechua that has more speakers in major cities.

  1. Aguaruna

You can hardly find those that are making use of this language because it is nearing extinction. The reason is that the people of Peru have embraced Spanish and Quechua far more than other minority languages. Interesting, those that still have the faintest idea about this language are either code-mixing or code-switching Aguaruna with either Spanish or Quechua.

  1. Shipibo

This language also falls under the category of Aguaruna, because a very insignificant number of people make use of it. As it stands, you can only find traces of this language buried inside other major languages like Spanish. Those you will find speaking these languages can be found in the Amazon region. Interestingly, there are over thirteen tribes that can be found in the Amazon forest speaking some of these languages that are close to extinction.

  1. Ashaninka

Amongst the thirteen tribes in the Amazon forest, you can also discover the use of this language among its native, but the problem arises in knowing how these minor languages have stayed on while still nearing extinction. For those that have had contact with these tribes in one way or another, they can testify that the languages spoken in the Amazon forest by the clans present there are not incomprehensible for other native language users living outside the forest.

On your next trip to Peru, you may become fascinated by the comeliness of the people, coupled with the way the majority speak Spanish with vibrancy. Apart from the food and music that has been a tourist attraction for many years, the ancient relics of the highlands and the lowlands can see you embracing the gifts of history more. So, with the help of a guide, you can navigate the whole landscape of Peru, as you seek to learn about the people and how they accept foreign folks into their country. Initially, you may struggle with languages that you made the first contact after your anticipation to see Peru. There is more to getting obsessed with the people’s food. There are other aspects of the culture of the people you can grow to love in the course of your stay. Moreover, the Peru government is keen to  encouraging foreigners to stay and mix with the local people in order to build relationships for a long time. The reason is that the Peru language has the capacity to unite both foreigners and the natives alike.

 

 

Eating Peruvian: The World Renowned Ceviche

Introduction

Peru is a nation that features some of the most amazing natural and man-made wonders in the world. Of the natural wonders, the country features the amazing Andes Mountains range while in man-made wonders, the country features Machu Picchu which is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. The wonders of Peru do not stop there, their cuisine is also interesting and unique to their culture. Considered to be the national dish of the country and consumed by almost everyone in Peru, the ceviche occupies a special place in most Peruvians hearts. Peru is considered to be a hub of delicious cuisine in South America and globally with some of its natural produce being popular all over the globe. Understanding the cultural evolution of the ceviche shows just how much this dish represents Peru.

What is Ceviche?

Like most other Peruvian dishes that are centered on seafood, the Peruvian ceviche or cebiche refers to a dish that consists of a raw fish salad. The salad is combined with seasoning, garlic, hot Peruvian peppers and soaked in lime. The raw fish is slightly cooked by the citrus juice in the lime giving it a slight delicate flavor that enhances the eating experience. Bitter orange also known as naranja agria can also be used to prepare the fish salad. However, the Peruvian ceviche does not necessarily use fish and can use other ingredients using the same preparation methods. The Peruvian ceviche is the most popular dish in Peru with most restaurants offering diverse recipes across the country.

Types of Peruvian Ceviche

Despite having the same basic recipe, there are some special variations that are found in Peru and include the following:

  1. Mixed seafood ceviche: This recipe typically has a variety of fish included rather than a singular type of fish in the salad.
  2. Black oyster ceviche: This recipe uses black oysters as the seafood for the salad and is especially loved in the north of Peru.
  3. Trout ceviche: This recipe uses trout and is largely consumed in the Andes due to the proximity to the fresh water bodies in the mountains.
  4. Tollo: This ceviche recipe basically uses shark meat to create the salad making it one of the most unique forms of ceviche in the world.

What makes Peruvian Ceviche unique?

The ceviche is distinct in that it is the national dish of the country and is considered to be part of the national heritage of the country. It is be an obvious conclusion that they are indeed the best at creating the delicious dish. While it has been adopted in many South American countries as well as being replicated in foreign markets, the Peruvian ceviches are recognized as the most delicious variations in the food industry. One thing that makes the ceviche stand out from the rest is the type of citrus used where Peruvians use the limon sutil which a lime variety that is unique in size and taste as well as having a slightly high acidic content. This feature is important as it affects how the fish cooks when marinated in the lime juice. Another unique feature is the pepper also known as aji that are used in the salad. Peruvian ceviches can contain the aji Amarillo or aji limo which are quite hot peppers. The unique use of Peruvian ingredients make the ceviche one of the most delicious dishes that you are likely to encounter from South American cuisine. While some variations of the ceviche serves it as a soup, the Peruvian ceviche is made to be a salad.

Traditional Preparation and Presentation of the Ceviche

Being a national dish with a national holiday, the ceviche has its own singular history in Peru. Traditionally, the fish is cured in the acidic juice for several hours taking on the flavor of the limes. However, the process has evolved to a much shorter period of margination so that the fish only has delicate notes of lime through it. In addition, the dish was often served with boiled corn, sweet potato (camote), lettuce and corn nuts that further enhanced the delicious flavor of the fish. This is a presentation that is distinct to the Peruvian culture. The liquid used to prepare the fish is sometimes served as a drink called the tiger’s milk which is another unique aspect of serving the Peruvian ceviche.

Does the ceviche have health benefits?

Aside from being a delicious and beautiful dish, the ceviche actually has some health benefits that increase its appeal as a national dish. First, the dish is low in calories. It is a common fact that fish is very low in calories yet high in protein. The fact that the fish and seafood is actually cured makes it pure and healthy for any individual. In addition, the juices used to soak the fish contain high levels of citrus and vitamins that are healthy for the human body. The entire dish features no added sugars or fats making it very healthy to eat. The Peruvian ceviche is a delicious, culturally significant and healthy food. For any visitors to Peru, ensure that you have some ceviche to further immerse yourself in this culture. It is known that no ceviche can compete with the Peruvian version!

Peruvian Music: A Melodious Dig into the People’s Cultural Heritage

Peru has been one of the finest tourist spots that keeps getting tourists to see her on a yearly basis. Apart from the food and the climatic atmosphere that is accommodating for all types of tourist, there is another path of the people’s culture that will always keep tourists fascinated, which is Peruvian music. Interestingly, there are various features that can be used to distinguish the style of music coming from Peru to other music forms which you may be used to in the course of your tour around Southern American soil. Majority of the music styles that come from the equatorial part of America have different distinctive practices which can be used to identify them. On this account, some of the styles of music which tourists can enjoy from their visit to Peru are discussed below.

  1. Afro-Peruvian music

This is a complicated brand of music you will find in Peru being in places that have a strong African tradition and origin. The reason why music in Peru has a strong connection with African can be attributed to the activities of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade which facilitated the introduction and emergence of Africa dynamic notation into the characteristic nature of the people’s style of music. Interestingly, it is important to note that this style contains other forms of sounds which make the production of this music genre unique. They are the Electronica and Latin America rhythms.

  1. Despacito

You don’t have to be surprised by the popularity of this music genre, because the people love to sing it. No one is left out whenever they are taken by the rhythmic representation of this music which can be found on the lips of every Peruvian inhabitant. Interestingly, you can find boys, girls, young adults and old folks singing and agreeing to the melodious style of this music. Moreover, this music has a strong influence from Spanish origin, considering the fact that Spanish is the official language being spoken in Peru.

  1. Electronic Cumbia

This style of music emerged in the twentieth century. Much of its acceptance can be attributed to the emergence of electronic music which ushered in its widely accepted use among the people of Peru. A good number of people have a good understanding of this music style based on the fact there are electronic influences which have promoted it to gain international recognition through Dengue Dengue Dengue, Animal Chuki, and Alqsbs. Apart from the fact that this music style is supported by electronic strings, the people cannot fail to dance to its tune when played in restaurants of social gatherings which is a typical tradition of the people’s affiliation for music.

  1. Salsa

If you are not familiar with the forms of music that are discussed above, you should be able to come to terms with Salsa. This is a music style that is common amongst Latin American countries. Moreover, people are far excited by the fact that this music is easy to dance to, bearing in mind its affiliation with Spanish culture. Moreover, the tune of the music is so intricate that you can easily vibe to its rhythms at different succession.

  1. Chicha (psychedelic Cumbia)

You will be amazed at how Peruvians have been able to infuse traditional folklore music together with an electronic guitar to create a music blend, which has an addition of rock music. Much of rock music influence is not played out too long in this music genre, but you can expect to see the reflection of the people in this style of music. Another important music element that makes this music style rich in native flavor is the Peruvian Andes Huayno.

  1. Cumbia

This music genre is of Caribbean origin, especially around the coast of Colombia. However, the music has been widely accepted in Peru, which has appeared to look like the music founded by Peruvian natives. Interestingly, Cumbia gave rise to the emergence of Chicha, owing to the introduction of classical folklore music together with electronic string instruments to produce a remarkable music flavor.

  1. America rock (the 80s)

You should be prepared to have a feel of the music style of American descent which has influenced the music culture of the Peruvian people. Therefore, it is not hard to find this style of music still alive in most bars and restaurants. You can expect to see a live band playing this style of music, because of the people’s love for it. As you tour Peru, you will expect to see several live bands playing this music to entertain the audience.

As you are on course to enjoy the vacation in Peru, you can expect to have exciting activities come to play in the area of the native music, which has been heavily influenced by other cultures both within and outside Peru. Africa, America, and Colombia have been known to have influenced the type of music that are produced by the local people. Moreover, the string instruments and percussion used in a live band can be soothing to the hearing of tourists, because every aspect of the people’s music is played with aptness, as a demonstration of the people’s dedication to producing good music. As you prepare for your vacation in Peru, expect to be greeted by people’s music and the people’s hospitality to receiving tourists from around the world.

Peruvian Food: The Spicy Side of Various Dishes You Cannot Ignore

Every country in the entire world has a specific aspect in which they are good at. Some are good at making shoes, clothes, exotic cars, watches, jewels, perfumes, while others are good at making savory dishes. One of the exciting places you need to visit in your next vacation is Peru, considering how hospitable the people are, coupled with the taste of their local dishes. You may want to dispute the fact that your country has the best recipes when it comes to intercontinental dishes. You can stay headstrong on your opinions not until you are proven wrong with a taste of Peruvian food. Perhaps, you have just had at first contact with a Peruvian dish, and you are still in wonder of how tasty these dishes are. You don’t have to look further as there are other dishes that can change your opinion, letting you admit that Peru has the finest dishes in the entire world. On this note, here are seven Peruvian dishes you must not miss in your next summer vacation to Peru. Moreover, some of these food items shall be represented in their local names along with their translations.

  1. Ceviche

This is one of the best food combinations that tourists cannot do without after a first-time encounter. The unique taste about this dish has been splendid, because of the procedures being used for its preparation. As a matter of fact, this dish has remained one of the favorite recipes that keep tourist asking for more. The reason is that the fish, before the completion of the cooking process, is soaked in lime, oil, and spices for several hours before turning the fish in for cooking. The interesting aspect about this dish it that it is accompanied with sea bass (corvina), starchy boiled corn (choclo), sweet potatoes (camote) and dry-roasted corn kernels (cancha), giving it that irresistible taste that makes you not to get enough of it at each encounter.

  1. Aji de Gallina (Creamy Chicken)

If you are looking for a dish that has all the chicken flavor, then Aji de Gallina is your unmistaken choice. With a blend of cheese, ground walnuts, and Aji Amarillo, you rest assured of enjoying a good blend of recipes all included in the shredded chicken that comes out with an irresistibly yummy taste. Moreover, you can enjoy this dish with a plate of boiled rice or potatoes, depending on your preferences.

  1. Cuy (Guinea Pig)

If you want to shift your focus on a dish that is highly rich in protein, then Cuy is what you should settle for when you arrive in Peru. In this case, you can have the mixture of Guinea pig and potatoes which are roasted in a fire to give you that taste of a roasted food. To enjoy your delicacy in the coolest fashion, you are enjoined to eat your dish by hand as you dip your meat portion into Aji sauce, treating yourself to a remarkable taste of an animal that qualifies as a pet in most homes.

  1. Anticuchos de Corazon (Grilled Heart)

You shouldn’t expect to eat the heart of an animal, considering the name given to this dish. However, the name is just a demonstration of the taste of the grilled meat or chicken that gets to you after every bite. You can enjoy this dish with potato or onion slices depending on how you want to be served.

  1. Arroz con Pato (Rice with Duck)

If you want to get a mouthful of what a duck tastes like, this is the exact food you should opt for in your vacation. The rice is treated with a combination of dark beer, cilantro paste, and herbs to give it that natural look of a vegetable-rich food. Moreover, the part that you will also love the most is when you are about to savor the thick thighs or the chest of your crisp-seared duck. If you can’t have duck, you can be given chicken or turkey in replacement so that you don’t miss the taste of grilled food.

  1. Pollo a la Brasa (Roasted Chicken)

If you are a lover of poultry, you should expect to get a taste of this nicely prepared recipe. With a mixture of garlic, natural herbs and Aji spices, you can enjoy the tasty feeling of chicken roasted into that irresistible diet that will take your breath away at every single bite. Moreover, you can also enjoy this dish with a  Peruvian black mint sauce.

  1. Alfajores

It is not all the time you have to maintain a strict routine of tasty food in large chunks. There are options with which you can choose your dishes from. Interestingly, Peru also has nice cookies that can treat visitors to the best food tasting vacation, more than any other places that you have ever visited. This shortbread is made up of cornstarch, butter, and caramel to enhance its remarkable taste which will keep you wanting more and more after every bite.

On this note, all of these food items await those that are ready to visit Peru. Moreover, there are other Peruvian food that this article cannot cover, as they are in their countless number, as you are interested in trying out delicious dishes. These foods are made in such a way that you might be tempted to stay back in Peru to get more or think of a relocation. Peruvian dishes can keep visitors spellbound with just a bite for a start.

 

Peru is a South American country that houses diverse cultural and physical attractive features. This country is home to Machu Picchu, an ancient Incan city that is situated in the Andes Mountains. The country also boasts of numerous physical features like Amazon rainforest, Sacred Valley, Cusco city that houses Domingo covenant and Inca ruins, Lima that is situated on the Pacific coast of the country and its capital city that is home to colonial architecture and Museo Larco art. On the southern side of the country lives an enormous lake Titicaca, which is shared with Bolivia. This lake offers sapphire waters, folkloric festivals and diverse wildlife.

With the above tourist sites, many visitors tour the country hence leading to numerous luxury hotels set up in the area. While visiting the country, you can consider one of these luxurious hotels.

1- Belmond Sanctuary Lodge Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is the most visited location in Peru. The area is popularly known for its mysterious archaeological site, Inca ruins. Besides Inca ruins, the city is also known for its incredible biodiversity that surrounds the ruins.

Sanctuary Lodge Machu Picchu

The most luxurious and most preferred hotel in the area is Belmond Sanctuary Lodge. This hotel is a favourite of many due to various reasons among them being its locations and high-quality services. The hotel is located directly at the entrance of the New World Wonder. Most hotels around the area are located in Aguas Calientes, a 30 minutes ride to Machu Picchu. Besides its location, the hotel has a great hot tub that provides a wonderful Machu Picchu view. This hotel also runs a luxurious train that operates from Aguas Calientes to Cusco.

 

Around the hotel is the temple of the condor which is 8 minutes walk away, Huayna Picchu 16 minute walk, Winaywayna which is approximately 0.5 KM away, and the Manuel Chavez Ballon site Museum which is 6.4 Km away.

2- Palacio Nazarenas

Palacio Nazarenas

This hotel is located in an ancient convent in Cusco. It is an incredibly stunning hotel and one of the best in entire South America. It is situated behind the Cusco main square, from Cusco Cathedral. The hotel is located in an 8-minute walk from Qurikancha temple Inca ruins. This hotel was opened in the year 2012, so most of its items and the overall conditions still look new. The hotel’s amenities include a heated outdoor pool which runs 3.850 meters deep, a spa, room and laundry services, an Andean restaurant, a bar. They also offer freebies in salsa and yoga lessons and breakfast buffet. It provides very private settings with just 55 suites. In your room, you get to enjoy mini-bar and all-time butler service. The hotel rooms are equipped with extra oxygen making the rooms ideal for people who always suffer from altitude sickness.

3- Tambo del Inka Hotel Luxury

Tambo del Inka

This hotel is based at the foot of Ch’iquin Mountain, a distance of approximately 2 kilometres from Sacred Valley Ruins. It is a 5-minute walk from Plaza de Armas square. The hotel has vibrant and posh rooms with marble bathrooms and elegant balconies. The rooms are equipped with iPod docks, min-bar, flat screen TV, and WI-FI access. Availability of suites, butler services and all-time room services are part of the luxuries offered in this hotel. The hotel also offers a beauty spa, outdoor and indoor pool, a game room fitted with a pool table, and an Andean restaurant among others.

4- Titilaka Lodge

At the shores of Lake Titicaca, lies the famous luxurious Titilaka lodge. This lodge is an all-inclusive hotel and is located approximately 94 kilometres from Inca Manco Capac International Airport.

Titilaka Lodge

Lake Titicaca is a commercially navigable lake that is prominent for its floating reed island and the surrounding community, the Uros people, a society that comprises of male knitters on the Taquile Island.

This hotel offers lake views, heated floors and window seats that are suited with iPod docks, mini-bars and free WI-FI. Although TVs are not offered in the rooms, the lodge offers breathtaking outdoors activities such as bird watching, cycling, and kayaking. Other amenities provided by this hotel include private beaches whose roof is grass thatched, media rooms, bar, restaurant, etc.

5- JW Marriot Hotel Lima

JW Marriot

In the heart of Miraflores, lies the luxurious 5-star JW Marriot hotel. Miraflores is located in Lima, the capital of Peru. Lima city boast of its young art scene, beautiful restaurants and a fantastic culture.

JW Marriot Hotel is a 25 glass storey building that is located directly at the front of Larcomar shopping centre. At the hotel, you will get to enjoy superb views of Lima beaches and the horizon of the Pacific Ocean.

Amenities present in this luxurious hotel include a fitness centre, beauty spa, swimming pool, casino, Sauna. Other activities offered by JW Marriot are child and babysitting services, meeting rooms, tour desks, and dry cleaning services.

The world is truly an interesting place, and we truly never realize that until we actually travel. The internet might have exposed people to what is really out there away from our motherlands and nativity, but it is traveling that offers the most intimate experiences. And when you finally ever take that hallmark trip to the South America’s you will need some background information on the difference between llama and alpaca. Even more importantly, you will put Llama jokes intro real retrospect, and your life will suddenly and ever be a lot more blissful afterward. First of all, understand that alpacas are widely associated with the mountainous and scenic Andes of Peru, and llamas are widely associated with Machu Picchu. But before you have to learn the differences that set apart these two natural cousins, lets us first explore some of their family attributes.

Llamas and alpacas are camelids. That means that they are part of the large family in which they are cousins to camels, each other camelids like vicuna and guanaco. Unlike camels, these two camelids have lived in water-favorable climates and are not desert-adapted. Therefore, they have some distinct facial and body structure differences from the get-go. Despite the differences, they all display very strong genetic resemblance and their relations are phenotypically apparent. Even more peculiarly, the four different species of cousins can reproduce and yield fertile offsprings. Some theories advanced out there insinuate that they are just different races of a particular camelid species.

Local Comedian: Why did the Alpaca Spit?

Crowd: Because the llama spit first and that threatened its character.

Tourist: And why did the llama spit?

Local Comedian: (laughing with the funny tourist) You called her a camel

Tourist: Aren’t they cousins?

Crowd: Llamas are divas and they don’t like Carmel looks

 

  1. The Ears

Llamas have characteristically different ears from their look-alike cousins, the alpacas. Their ears have a more fluffy character which feature extra length, extra curves and a banana shape. The alpacas have short and pointy ears which don’t have any curves.

  1. Body size and weight

Let us first say that alpacas have the short-man syndrome. Llamas are generously sized and aestheticized creatures which are beautiful and robust. They average at 90 kgs but the really big llamas can grow to sizes holding over 181 Kgs. Alpacas are always just half the size of their bigger cousins. They weigh an average of 45 Kgs, and they are also much shorter.

  1. Face and Hair

Llamas are popular for their faces, and alpacas are known to contrast that description by having a much blunter face. The alpaca’s blunt face is also fuller of hair and that gives it a very cute appearance which makes it very photogenic and attractive, especially to tourists. Alpacas are also very fluffy because their hair is very soft.

  1. Use

Alpacas and llamas are slaughtered and eaten. However, alpacas are more popularly bred for their fur which is of much better quality than llamas. Llamas, on the other hand, are much bigger than alpacas, and they are widely feared for their meat. Llamas are also capable of carrying 25 percent of their total body weight, and they weigh close to 100 Kgs. For that reason, the animals are widely used to carry loads, especially out there in the wild terrains.

  1. Character

Alpacas are very defensive, and they are more prone to spitting in threatening situations. They are very valuable for guard functions. They can fend away unwanted attention and intrusion, alert their owners of the same.

 

It is very interesting just how easy it is to make llama jokes. All you need to do is just learn about their character, looks, uses and hangouts. Peru is very popular for llamas which are widely symbolic of Peruvian heritage, and llamas heavily feature in postage stamps, postcards and cultural events. Tourists who visit Peru always end up with very many photographs of them with photogenic llamas and alpacas in the background. That suggests that the animals are very domestic, friendly and cute. The fact that it is their wild and dashingly handsome species of cousins, the Vicuna, that are the national Camelid which actually appears in the Peruvian national coat of arms suggests that these camelids are actually very valuable to the Peruvian populace. So, what about their disposition makes them such an asset?